Lalu apakah yang dimaksud dengan Narrative Teks? Pernakah anda membaca dongeng “Cinderella” atau “Bawang Merah dan Bawang Putih” dalam bahasa Inggris?

Dongeng meruakan salah satu bentuk Narrative Text. Dongeng berisikan suatu kisah fiksi yang terjadi di masa lalu baik berupa kisah nyata, maupun tidak. Kisah nyata di masa lalu dapat disebut pula Legenda.

Cerita yang tergolong dalam Narrative Text adalah cerita fiksi, fable (cerita tentang binatang), cerita rakyat (legenda), cerita dongeng, dll. Siswa diharuskan bisa memahami semua teks yang tergolong dalam narrative Teks.

Lebih advanced nya lagi, siswa diperintahkan untuk mempraktekkan “Storytelling”. Lalu apa yang dimaksud storytelling?

Storytelling merupakan salah satu bentuk praktek berbicara bahasa Inggris yang membawakan suatu cerita narasi di depan public atau orang banyak.

Perlombaan storytelling merupakan perlombaan tahunan di toingkat sekolah menengah yang banyak digandrungi siswa.

 Pengertian Narrative Text

Disebutkan bahwa “A narrative text” is a text which is containing an imaginative story in which to entertain people (audience).

(teks narasi adalah sebuah teks yang berisikan cerita imaginatif dimana bertujuan untuk menghibur orang banyak atau penonton).

Based on the Oxford (Kamus Besar Bahasa Inggris) secara harfiah narrative bermakna (1) a spoken or a written account of connected events such as a story. (Sebuah cerita baik berupa secara terucap maupun secara tertulis)

Jika disimpulkan, maka arti dari narrative text adalah teks yang berisi sebuah cerita baik secara verbal (terucap) maupun secara tertulis ataupun yang berisikan rangkaian peristiwa dalam suatu hal.

Structure dari Narrative Text

Untuk mengetahui struktur dari Narrative Text itu sangatlah penting. Jadi jika kita ingin membaca terlebih saat menulis teks narasi yang baru kita memiliki stuktur teks narasi yang baik. Lihat struktur Narrative Text dibawah ini:


It is about the opening of the paragraph where characters, place, and time are introduced in the story.(adalah sebuah paragraph pembuka yang berisi pengenalan tokoh, tempat dan waktu dalam sebuah cerita.

Berisi: who (siapa ), contohnya; Cinderella

Where (dimana); in small village

When (kapan); a long time ago, once upon a time


Where the problems of characters of the story appear and go to climac. (Dimana Permasalahan yang dimiliki oleh tokoh dalam cerita muncul dan klimaks)


Where the problems of characters of the story is being solved.(Masalah selesai. Masalah terselesaikan baik secara ‘happy ending’ maupun tidak.

Contoh Text Narative

Queen Of Arabia and Three Sheiks

Once upon a time there was a queen of Arabia named Maura. Maura is the most beautiful lady who had many suitors. Almost of it counts had discarded one by one, until just three sheiks reduced to the list. Those three were young and handsome. They were strong and also rich. The queen was hard to decide who would be the only one being the best.

One day in the night, Maura disguised herself and went to the sheiks’ camps near her castle. Maura had an idea to made a dinner for them, “Would you like something to eat, sheiks?” asked her. The first gave her some left in the table over food. And the second one gave her something strange, some unappetizing camel’s tail. The last one who named Hakim, offered the most tasty meat and tender.

After the lovely occasion, the queen left the camp.

Then in tomorrow, the queen invited those three sheiks to have a dinner at her castle. She ordered as same as the foods which is given to queen yesterday. The first sheiks who gave all over the food get the same menu. And he ate all the menu by himself. The second one who gave the unappetizing camel’s tail get the same and ate by himself. The third one , hakim, Get the same menu as he gave to the queen, but he didn’t want to eat it if all the people around him could not get too.

The queen was smiling. “Hakim, you are the person who I am searching for, now I announce that Hakim the person I will marry with!”


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